Policy Working Papers

Tenderpreneur Capture: Sealing Corruption Loopholes in Kenya's Health Procurement Systems 2

This policy brief argues that procurement system violations, unconstitutional budget approvals and tenderpreneur capture of our Health Ministry are at the centre of the crisis. Using three case-studies, we demonstrate that billions of shillings have been, and will continue to be wasted unless measures are taken to strengthen accountability and seal vulnerabilities. .  

 

Urban Inequalities: Are our Policies Redressing or Reproducing Urban Inequalities

Kenya has experienced high rates of economic growth over the past decade as a result of foreign direct investments, open markets and overseas development assistance.Most of this economic growth and development is experienced in urban areas. The concentration of economic, social and political power in cities and the historical idea of cities as centres of prosperity attracts many to the city in pursuit of their dreams. .  

 

Taxation and Fiscal Decentralisation in Kenya; a case study of Kwale, Kiambu and Kisumu Counties

County governments in Kenya have been assigned responsibility over taxes with largely immobile and narrow bases. Sources of revenue assigned by the Constitution of Kenya offer little scope for counties to grow their revenue base. As a result, counties such as Kiambu, Kisumu and Kwale continue to rely heavily on the central government for financing the bulk of their budgets. Fiscal space, institutional reforms, capacity building in fiscal management and stakeholder participation in its development remain important to the success and nature of the devolution process. .  

 

Schools ar Risk: The Impact of Public School Land Grabbing in Kenya

This policy brief expands on “One Year on From Lang’ata: Why Public School are Still at Risk”, a qualitative study released in January 2016 by the ShuleYangu Alliance. It looks at the correlation between land grabbing and the violation of fundamental human rights and seeks to prove that land grabbing affects the State’s ability to protect and provide for fundamental human rights. In an attempt to prove this, the brief employs a case-study approach, looking at the social, psychological, economic and institutional impact of land grabbing on 15 primary school communities across ten counties. It makes assumptions on the general impact public schools face as a result of public school land grabbing. .  

 

Integrity Policy Working Paper: Why Corruption Prevails And What Can Be Done To Eliminate It

This working paper breaks new ground by seeking to examine and make recommendations on how to increase the power and space for ordinary citizens to collectively negotiate and fight impunity and corruption both within the state and public. It also explores the personal and socio-economic cost of corruption to the individual and community in three recent and high profile cases namely; the loss of Kshs. 3.7 billion within Mumias Sugar Company (MSC), public roads investment by Machakos County Government and the attempted grabbing of the Lang'ata Road Primary School playground.  

 

Public Participation Policy Working Paper: Improving the Quality of Citizen Engagement in Kenya

The research is an examination of the Constitutional promise of participation vs. what exists in reality. Public participation is recognised by the Constitution of Kenya as a civic right and responsibility in Art 1 (1) (2), a national value Art 10 (1), a key principle of public finance Art 20 1(a), Arts. 124, 196, 232, require key legislative bodies to open their deliberations to the public. The Constitution provides the public with easy access to courts, right to form associations (Art 36), demonstrate, picket and petition (Art 37), recall legislators (Art 104), and protect the Constitution through referendum (Art 252 and 257). Four years since the promulgation of the Constitution, this covenant seems elusive, suffocated by tokenistic participation strategies, disrespect for the rule of law and open tensions between the national Government and the county Governments. 42 counties are yet to pass legislation on public participation. Citizens on the other hand, appear unable to seize the opportunities availed to them through the constitution and influence public policy making processes.